Revised; August 15, 2001:
r-0425 hours
Allegheny County: New information on Harry Fisher.
THIS SECTION COVERS ADAMS COUNTY TO CLEARFIELD COUNTY
Revisions are made as information is received.

PENNSYLVANIA,A PROUD
"MEDAL OF HONOR STATE"

The Pennsylvania Elks State Association is proud to offer all Pennsylvania residents this list, as complete and accurate as possible, of those Commonwealth servicemen and women who have won the Medal Of Honor in all conflicts, beginning with the Civil War. This list, covering Adams County to Clearfield County and taken from official Department of Defense records, has been researched as thoroughly as possible by Ralph Haas of the Norwin Elks Lodge No. 2313 in Manor, PA. Errors and omissions are due only to a lack of proper information, and all such errors will be corrected as viable information is received. Any photos of these men and women can be added to the page if submitted in a .jpg format.
We encourage you to use this information for your purposes and invite you to please feel free to copy whatever you need for your records. Please look in from time to time because we have already been able to add additional facts on many of the MOH recipients listed here. We'll indicate the counties in which additions have been made on the revision line above and we invite your comments at mailto:civilwar41@home.com

Pennsylvania has 377 credited Medal of Honor winners, or about 11% of the total awarded since its inception; New York, with 20%, is the only state with more recipients. Pennsylvania, like others, is bordered by several other states, and credit for the medal is usually given to the community in which the recipient entered the service, not their place of residence. Thus, we have included the names of all Medal winners who were Pennsylvania residents when they joined the service. Unfortunately, many of the DoD records on these brave people contain no town or county name, and list some Medal of Honor recipients only as being from Pennsylvania; this means we'll be adding names. and even moving names from time to time as we find out all the information needed to find the correct county for each individual. Use the "FIND" feature on the menu under the "EDIT" button on your browser, then type in the name of the county, town or person you're looking for. If you can't find the name that way, go to page four and scroll through the list of those with no hometown or county. We have recently added a page with the names of all Medal of Honor recipients who are buried in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and we ask that if you have any concrete information on any of these people, please note the source of the information and E-Mail it to Ralph Haas

George Washington conceived the first official method, then known as "The Badge of Military Merit," for rewarding individual gallantry. This was done on August 7, 1782, and consisted of a medal intended to recognize "any singularly meritorious action" during the Revolutionary War. Actually, the purple-colored heart was made of cloth and was given to only three soldiers from that conflict: Sergeant William Brown, Sergeant Elijah Churchill and Sergeant Daniel Bissel Jr. For some reason, Washington's "Badge of Military Merit" remained hidden for years until the Army Chief of Staff, General Douglas MacArthur rescued it from oblivion in 1932; it was officially reinstituted on February 22, 1932. At that point it was an award to be used for the Army only and, as you may have already guessed, is our now-familiar "Purple Heart." The Army presented the Purple Heart to American Doughboys wounded in World War I, but in 1943 the medal was made available to members of the Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard. It now includes all services and "any civilian national" wounded while serving in combat situations with the Armed Forces.

However, George Washington's "Badge of Military Merit" was also the catalyst for an idea for a military decoration that took shape just after the outbreak of the Mexican-American War in 1846. This award, entitled the "Certificate of Merit," was given to a soldier who distinguished himself in combat; but there was no medal to go with the award. As with most armed conflicts, when the Mexican War ended so did the passion, as well as this latest attempt at recognition for bravery, thus America again found itself with no "official" way to recognize its fighting men. With the outbreak of the Civil War In 1861, a medal for unusual bravery was suggested to the General-in-Chief of the Union Army, Winfield Scott, but Scott immediately squelched such a notion, viewing it instead as a purely European tradition that had "no place in my Army." In the meantime, the idea of a medal managed to interest the Navy's leaders; men who felt that some recognition of courage in the coming conflict would be beneficial. Thus, on December 21, 1861, President Abraham Lincoln signed Public Resolution 82 into law, and with it came a provision for the Navy to begin issuing a U.S. Navy "Medal of Valor." This award, a sizeable bronze medal, would "be bestowed upon such petty officers, seamen, landsmen, and Marines as shall most distinguish themselves by their gallantry and other seamanlike qualities during the present war." Whether it was ever intended to be a permanent thing was never disclosed.

Early in 1862, with Winfield Scott's retirement now official, the new Army regime didn't take long to make a similar award ready, and the new U.S. Army "Medal Of Honor" was signed into law July 12, 1862; an award for "such noncommissioned officers and privates as shall most distinguish themselves by their gallantry in action, and other soldierlike qualities, during the present insurrection." This time, the medal that had been created expressly for use in the Civil War was made a permanent "Medal of Honor" by an act of Congress in 1863. To date, 3,407 men and one woman, Dr. Mary Walker (Civil War), have received the award for their heroic actions in combat. Five of this group have received both the Navy and the Army Medals of Honor for the same action, and nineteen have been given a second Medal of Honor, the latter including the Lt. Colonel Thomas Custer, the brother of Lt. Colonel (Brevet Major General of Volunteers) George Armstrong Custer. Thomas Custer received both awards for his actions in the Civil War, and he died at his brother's side at Little Big Horn in 1876.

The first man to WEAR the Congressional Medal of Honor was Jacob Parrott, a participant on the Union raid to Big Shanty, Georgia, during the Civil War, although he was not the first to EARN the medal. Another medal recipient for the Big Shanty Raid was Cpl. Martin J. Hawkins, a Mercer County native and a member of Company "A" of the 33rd Ohio Infantry. Secretary of War Edward M. Stanton, a Pittsburgh attorney, did the honors for Private Parrott in his office on March 26, 1863; and it should be noted here that a number of Civil War medal recipients were denied their MOH awards at later dates, while others, including the aforementioned Dr. Mary Walker, had theirs restored some years after they had died.

President Lincoln, in an effort to coerce Yankee troops into remaining in the Capitol, even awarded the coveted medal to an entire regiment of Maine soldiers, but this award was rescinded some years later; there was no real harm done since the regiment's Commanding Officer had secreted the medals in a barn rather than give them to men who had not really earned such an honor. Since that incident the Medal Of Honor criteria demands that none but the bravest act will earn this award. These parameters apply to times of peace as well as times of war, and many of the names herein earned their awards when our Nation was not engaged in formal hostilities of any kind. Indeed, since its inception, more Pennsylvanians have received America's highest award more than any other state.

In the list contained on this page we have included the DoD's location and date of the action that earned the Medal of Honor, and this is followed by the date the award Citation was issued. The dates, locations and actions will make it easy for you to know what era it was, and the peacetime issues of the medal contain no reference to combat. All reasonable effort has been put forth to determine the recipient's hometown or a birthplace here in Pennsylvania, and each County's listing begins with the Civil War recipients and progresses up to and including Somalia.

We have also included the medal winners who served in or led a Pennsylvania unit when they won the Medal, General Daniel Butterfield, a New York native, among them. Butterfield was commanding the 83rd Pennsylvania Infantry in July of 1862, and when General Butterfield's beautiful "Taps" was played for the first time on July 2, 1862, the melody came from the horn of Oliver W. Norton, a native Pennsylvanian who was then the bugler for the 83rd Pennsylvania Volunteers.

There were no Medals of Honor issued for actions in Desert Storm, and the two awarded for hostilities in Somalia were the first given out since 1981, and the last until January, 1997, when Vernon Baker, Edward A. Carter, Jr., John R. Fox, Willy F. James, Jr., Ruben Rivers, Charles L. Thomas and George Watson brought the total Medal of Honor recipients to 3,408. This latest group, all African-Americans, should have received the medal for their heroism during WW II.. Unfortunately, the Medal of Honor recipients from Somalia includes a Newville, Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, resident; and both the Somalia awards were received posthumously for bravery under fire in Mogadeshu,

While many later citations are quite detailed, please don't let the simplicity of the citation wording used in the Civil War fool you, since we have no way of knowing just what was involved in "the capture of an enemy flag." The fact is that keeping the American Flag and Regimental Flags intact was just about the foremost objective in that war. This Spartan explanation of the MOH continues through the Indian Campaign Awards and up until World War I. But the in-depth descriptions of the citations issued in WW II and later certainly leave no room for a doubt of any kind as to what the person did to receive this recognition. The use of an asterisk (*) denotes a posthumous award, and although many of the medal's recipients survived and are still living, you'll find most of them very reluctant to discuss the incidents; a trait usually found in people involved in heavy combat. This is an understandable attitude, for when you speak to just one or two you'll find how deeply they still feel the loss of a friend or comrade at that time. For many this has made even our nation's highest award a moot point in their lives; and to be able to return their Medal of Honor in exchange for a friend's life would be the ideal situation for them.

We also ask that any facts you have regarding any of the recipients be sent to us right away; if we can find the hometowns or counties for all these people it would be a great help.

Finally, we want the families of all Medal of Honor winners to know that it is not our intention to reopen sad memories; but the passage of time, and the magnitude of their ancestor's achievement, has elevated these people to the position of being a public figure. Our society always needs heroes, and there will never be anyone who can fill the bill better than these Americans; all of whom entered a unique situation and triumphed in an honorable fashion. We are in no way glorifying any act of war or violence. nor are we justifying their untimely death; we are only offering a proper salute and recognition to all the men and women who defended America when we needed them. They have earned this special place in our memory.
NOTE: An asterisk (*) denotes a posthumous award.

ADAMS COUNTY

REIGLE, DANIEL P.: Born in Adams County, Pa. Corporal, Company F, 87th Pennsylvania Infantry. Cedar Creek, Va., 19 October 1864. Citation given: 26 October 1864. For gallantry while rushing forward to capture a Confederate flag at the stone fence where the enemy’s last stand was made. Credited to Gettysburg, Pa. Buried in Mount Carmel Cemetery in Littlestown, Pa.

STRAUSBAUGH, BERNARD A.: Born in Adams County, Pa. First Sergeant, Company A, 3rd Maryland Infantry. Petersburg, Va., 17 June 1864. Citation given: 1 December 1864. Recaptured the colors of 2nd Pennsylvania Provisional Artillery. Also shown as STRAUSBURGH; buried as Bernard A. Strausburgh in the General Hospital Cemetery, Beverly, NJ. Credited to Warfordsburg, Pa.

ALLEGHENY COUNTY

BRANNIGAN, FELIX: Born in Ireland. Entered service in Allegheny County, Pa. Private, Company A, 74th New York Infantry at Chancellorsville, Va., 2 May 1863. Citation 29 June 1866: Volunteered on a dangerous service and brought in valuable information. Credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery Plot 3-1642.

CARLISLE, CASPER R.: Born 1841 in Bakerstown, Richland Twp., Allegheny County, Pa. Private, Company F, Independent Pennsylvania Light Artillery (Hampton's Battery, so named for Capt. Robert P. Hampton, killed at Chancellorsville, Va. on May 3, 1863) Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Citation given: 21 December 1892. Saved a 1,000 pound, 3 inch cannon of his battery under heavy musketry fire, most of the horses being killed and the drivers wounded. He and a comrade managed to get the gun to the safety of the Trostle Farm Barn. The medal was requested by several of Carlisle's comrades at their 1888 reunion, and this effort was supported by the official report of his Commanding Officer, Captain James Thompson. Casper Carlisle was a member of the Lt. James Lysle GAR Post 128 at 128 Federal Street on Pittsburgh's North Side, and he died on April 29, 1908, at the age of 67. Carlisle is buried in the Mt. Lebanon Cemetery in Section 317; in 1991, Joe Pulgini and Wes Slusher (Co-authors of "Allegheny County Medal of Honor Recipients") obtained a suitable headstone for the site. A monument to his artillery company, dedicated on May 29, 1871, still stands on Cedar Avenue on the North Side of Pittsburgh. Carlisle lived in several Pittsburgh locations, among them on Bedford Avenue, and on Reed and Mercer Streets in the Hill section. Credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Mt. Lebanon Cemetery, Mt. Lebanon, Pa.

HIGBY, CHARLES: Born in Pittsburgh, Pa. Entered service at New Brighton, Pa. Private, Company F, 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry. Appomattox Campaign, Va., 29 March to 9 April 1865. Citation given: 3 May 1865. Capture of flag. Medal credited to New Brighton, Pa. Buried in McLoud, Oklahoma.

KELLY, ALEXANDER: Pittsburgh, (Homewood), First Sergeant, Company F, 6th U.S. Colored Troops. Born April 5, 1840 in Saltsburg, Conemaugh Twp. in Indiana County. A coal miner prior to the war, he moved to Homewood in 1863 and joined the service on April 7, 1863. Kelly's medal was given for an action at Chapins Farm, VA on 29 September 1864. Citation given: 6 April 1865. "Gallantly seized the colors, which had fallen near the enemy's lines of abatis, raised them and rallied the men at a time of confusion and in a place of the greatest danger." (Information added 4/26/99 - Courtesy of Wes Slusher, Joe Pulgini and Arthur Fox) Kelly left the army at Wilmington, NC on Sept. 20, 1865 and he moved back to 5632 Harvard Street in Homewood where he married his wife, Victoria, on on July 30, 1866. He was a night watchman at a nearby Livery Stable and died on June 19, 1867; he is buried in the Lemington or St, Peter's Cemetery in Pittsburgh. Credited to Allegheny, Pa., now the Northside of Pittsburgh, Pa.

KINDIG, JOHN M.: East Liberty, Corporal, Company A, 63rd Pennsylvania Infantry. Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864. Citation given: 1 December 1864. Capture of flag of 28th North Carolina Infantry. (C.S.A.).

LUTY, GOTLIEB: Born in Allegheny County, Pa. Corporal, Company A, 74th New York Infantry. Chancellorsville, Va., 3 May 1863. Citation given: 5 October 1876. Bravely advanced to the enemy's line under heavy fire and brought back valuable information. Credited to West Manchester, Pa. Buried in Uniondale Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa.

MATTHEWS, MILTON: Born in Pittsburgh, Pa. Entered service in Pittsburgh, Pa. Private, Company C, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry. Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865. Citation given: 10 May 1865. Capture of flag of 7th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.). Buried in the Wood National Cemetery, Wood, WI.

MITCHELL, ALEXANDER H.: Born in Perrysville, Pa. Entered service at Hamilton, Pa. First Lieutenant, Company A, 105th Pennsylvania Infantry. Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864. Citation given: 27 March 1890. Capture of flag of 18th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.), in a personal encounter with the color bearer. Credited to Hamilton, Pa. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 3-2515.

MITCHELL, THEODORE: Born in Tarentum, Pa. Entered service at Pittsburgh, Pa. Private, Company C, 61st Pennsylvania Infantry. Petersburg, Va., 2 April 1865. Citation given: 10 May 1865. Capture of the flag of the Tennessee Brigade (C.S.A.). Credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Woodland Cemetery, Cleveland, Ohio.

PEARSON, ALFRED L.: Born in Pittsburgh, Pa. Entered service at Pittsburgh, Pa. Colonel, 155th Pennsylvania Infantry. Lewis' Farm, Va., 29 March 1865. Citation given: 17 September 1897. Seeing a brigade forced back by the enemy, he seized his regimental color, called on his men to follow him, and advanced upon the enemy under a severe fire. The whole brigade took up the advance, the lost ground was regained, and the enemy was repulsed. Credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Allegheny Cemetery in Pittsburgh's Lawrenceville section.

SCHOONMAKER, JAMES MARTINUS: Born June 30, 1842 in Pittsburgh, Pa. Entered service in Maryland. Colonel, 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Winchester, Va., 19 September 1864. Citation given: 19 May 1899. At a critical period, gallantly led a cavalry charge against the left of the enemy's line of battle, drove the enemy out of his works, and captured many prisoners. Credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Mary S. Brown Memorial Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa.

SOWERS, MICHAEL: Private, Company L, 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Stony Creek Station, Va., 1 December 1864. Citation given: 16 February 1897. His horse having been shot from under him he voluntarily and on foot participated in the cavalry charge made upon one of the forts, conducting himself throughout with great personal bravery. Buried in Catholic Cemetery, Findley, Pa.

KERR, THOMAS R.: Entered service at Pittsburgh, Pa. Born April 24, 1843 in Ireland. Captain, Company C, 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Moorefield, W. Va., 7 August 1864. Citation given: 13 June 1894. After being most desperately wounded, he captured the colors of the 8th Virginia Cavalry (C.S.A.). Credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 3-1623.

HERRON, FRANCIS JAY: Born Feb. 27, 1837 in Pittsburgh, Lieutenant Colonel, 9th lowa Infantry. Pea Ridge, Ark., 7 May 1862. Citation given: 26 September 1893. Was foremost in leading his men, rallying them to repeated acts of daring, until himself disabled and taken prisoner. Buried in Woodside Cemetery, New York City.

HIMMELSBACK, MICHAEL: Private, Company C, 2nd U.S. Cavalry. Little Blue, Nebr., 15 May 1870. Citation given: 22 June 1870 for gallantry in action.

KIRKWOOD, JOHN A.: Born in Allegheny City (Northside Pittsburgh), Pa. Sergeant, Company M, 3rd U.S. Cavalry. Slim Buttes, Dakota Territory, 9 September 1876. Citation given: 16 October 1877 for bravely endeavoring to dislodge some Sioux Indians secreted in a ravine. Credited to North Platte Barracks, Nebraska. Buried in Soldiers Home National Cemetery, Washington, D.C.

THOMPSON, PETER: Entered service in Pittsburgh, Pa. Born in Scotland. Private, Company C, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Little Big Horn, Mont., 25 June 1876. Citation given: 5 October 1878 for having voluntarily brought water to the wounded, in which effort he was shot through the head, he made two successful trips for the same purpose, notwithstanding remonstrances of his sergeant. Medal credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in West Lead Cemetery in Hot Springs, South Dakota.

WILSON, BENJAMIN: Born in Pittsburgh, Pa. Private, Company M, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Wichita River, Tex., 5 October 1870. Citation given: 19 November 1870 for gallantry in action. Credited to Cincinnati, Ohio.

TRAUTMAN, JACOB: First Sergeant, Company I, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Place and Date: At Wounded Knee Creek, S. Dak., 29 December 1890. Birth: Germany. Date of Issue: 27 March 1891. Citation: Killed a hostile Indian at close quarters, and, although entitled to retirement from service, remained to the close of the campaign. Credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in South Side Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa.

WILKENS, HENRY: Pittsburgh. Born in Germany. First Sergeant, Company L, 2d U.S. Cavalry at Little Muddy Creek, Mont., 7 May 1877 and at Camas Meadows, Idaho, 20 August 1877. Citation 28 February 1878: Bravery in actions with Indians. Buried at Cypress Hill National Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York.

BLUME, ROBERT: Born Nov. 19, 1868 in Pittsburgh, Pa. Seaman, U.S. Navy. Aboard USS Nashville, Cuba, 11 May 1898. Citation given: 7 July 1899. On board the U.S.S. Nashville during the cutting of the cable leading from Cienfuegos, Cuba, 11 May 1898. Facing the heavy fire of the enemy, Blume set an example of extraordinary bravery and coolness throughout this action. Medal credited to New Jersey. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 6-9752-SS.

*FISHER, HARRY (PHILLIPS, FRANKLIN J.): Born Franklin J. Phillips on Oct. 20, 1874, in McKeesport, PA. Enlisted as Harry Fisher in March of 1895. Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Peking, China, 20 June 1900 to 16 July 1900. Citation given: 19 July 1901. Served in the presence of the enemy at the battle of Peking, China, 20 June to 16 July 1900. Assisting in the erection of barricades during the action, Fisher was killed by the heavy fire of the enemy on August 14, 1900. (7/11/00) Courtesy of an article in the Pittsburgh Tribune Review written by Arthur B. Fox of Pittsburgh, and taken from the works of the late Wesley R. Slusher of McKeesport. Wes Slusher, a member of the Pittsburgh Elks Lodge No. 11, passed away on May 12, 2000, while a resident of the Elks National Home in Bedford, Virginia. This is an interesting Medal Of Honor story and we have added some of the the more important details here. Fisher/Phillips reenlisted on March, 27, 1898, after duty at Ft. Sill. OK, and he fought at El Caney and San Juan Hill in Cuba. Following his death in China, he was buried in the Russian Legation Cemetery in Peking, China, and his remains arrived in McKeesport on June 17, 1901. His father, W. C. Means of 911 Brick Alley, McKeesport, gave his son a proper burial in the McKeesport-North Versailles Cemetery on July 19, 1901. In the early 1980's, Wesley R. Slusher, aided by Joe Pulgini, researched Fisher's name and found his true identity, and the two wrote a book called "Allegheny County Medal Of Honor Recipients" in 1995. In March of 1988, details uncovered by Slusher's research prompted the USMC to make the official name change to Fisher's Medal of Honor Citation, and it is now in his given name, Franklin J. Phillips. The McKeesport Heritage Center held a tribute for Phillips on July 19, 1988, and on August 31, 1988, a Medal Of Honor Headstone was placed on his grave. On his birthdate, October 20, 1995, a living monument to Phillips was established by the City of McKeesport, PA and the McKeesport School District when they planted 21 trees at the front of the McKeesport Vocational HS. The nearby Penn State University Campus also named a small street as "Franklin J. Phillips Way," and the "USS PVT. HARRY FISHER," later changed to "USS FRANKLIN J. PHILLIPS," a USN Maritime Vessel, was commissioned on August 24, 1985. So Harry Hisher/Franklin Phillips now has been given a hero's recognition in both names, one he had been denied for so long. Our sincere thanks to people like Wesley Slusher, a brother Elk, Joe Pulgini and Arthur B. Fox for not letting this little piece of history fall through the cracks, and for providing information for anyone who may be a descendant of this man.

GEDEON, LOUIS: Born in Pittsburgh, Pa. Entered service at Pittsburg, Pa. Private, Company G, 19th U.S. Infantry. Mount Amia, Cebu, Philippine Islands, 4 February 1900. Citation given: 10 March 1902. Singlehanded, defended his mortally wounded captain from an overwhelming force of the enemy. Credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Soldier's Home National Cemetery, Washington, D.C.

BISHOP, CHARLES FRANCIS: Pittsburgh, Quartermaster Second Class, U.S. Navy. Aboard "USS Florida," 21 and 22 April 1914. Citation given: 15 June 1914. On board the "U.S.S. Florida" for extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession during the seizure of Vera Cruz, Mexico, 21 April 1914.

SEMPLE, ROBERT: Pittsburgh, Chief Gunner, U.S. Navy. Vera Cruz, Mexico, 21 April 1914. Citation given: 10 January 1924. Other Navy award: Navy Cross. Citation given: For meritorious service under fire on the occasion of the landing of the American naval forces at Vera Cruz on 21 April 1914. C.G. Semple was then attached to the U.S.S. Florida as a chief turret captain.

McMURTRY, GEORGE G.: Born Nov. 6, 1876 in Pittsburgh, Pa. Captain, U.S. Army, 308th Infantry, 77th Division. Charlevaux, The Argonne Forest, France, 2 to 8 October 1918. Citation given: 1918. Commanded a battalion which was cut off and surrounded by the enemy and although wounded in the knee by shrapnel on 4 October and suffering great pain, he continued throughout the entire period to encourage his officers and men with a resistless optimism that contributed largely toward preventing panic and disorder among the troops, who were without food, cut off from communication with our lines. On 4 October during a heavy barrage, he personally directed and supervised the moving of the wounded to shelter before himself seeking shelter. On 6 October he was again wounded in the shoulder by a German grenade, but continued personally to organize and direct the defense against the German attack on the position until the attack was defeated. He continued to direct and command his troops, refusing relief, and personally led his men out of the position after assistance arrived before permitting himself to be taken to the hospital on 8 October. During this period the successful defense of the position was due largely to his efforts. Medal credited to New York, NY. Buried in Ledge Lawn Cemetery, Bar Harbor, Maine.

*MESTROVITCH, JAMES I.: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 111th Infantry, 28th Division. Place and Date: At Fismette, France, 10 August 1918. Entered Service At: Pittsburgh, Pa. Birth: Montenegro. G. O. No.: 20, W.D., 1919. Citation: Seeing his company commander Iying wounded 30 yards in front of the line after his company had withdrawn to a sheltered position behind a stone wall, Sgt. Mestrovitch voluntarily left cover and crawled through heavy machinegun and shell fire to where the officer lay. He took the officer upon his back and crawled to a place of safety, where he administered first-aid treatment, his exceptional heroism saving the officer’s life. Buried in Sveti Jovan Church Cemetery in Crna Gora, Yugoslavia. Credited to Pittsburgh.

*DREXLER, HENRY CLAY: Born Aug. 7, 1901 in Braddock, Pa. Ensign, U.S. Navy. Aboard USS Trenton, 20 October 1924. Citation given: Awarded by Special Act of Congress, 3 February 1933. Other Navy award: Navy Cross. For extraordinary heroism in the line of his profession on the occasion of a fire on board the U.S.S. Trenton. At 3:35 on the afternoon of 20 October 1924, while the Trenton was preparing to fire trial installation shots from the two 6 inch guns in the forward twin mount of that vessel, 2 charges of powder ignited. Twenty men were trapped in the twin mount. Four died almost immediately and 10 later from burns and inhalation of flame and gases. The 6 others were severely injured. Ens. Drexler, without thought of his own safety, on seeing that the charge of powder for the left gun was ignited, jumped for the right charge and endeavored to put it in the immersion tank. The left charge burst into flame and ignited the right charge before Ens. Drexler could accomplish his purpose. He met his death while making a supreme effort to save his shipmates. Credited to Pennsylvania. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 4-3051

FUNK, LEONARD ALFRED, JR.: Born in Braddock Twp., Pa. Entered service at Wilkinsburg, Pa. First Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 508th Parachute Infantry, 82nd Airborne Division. Holzheim, Belgium, 29 January 1945. Citation given: 5 September 1945. He distinguished himself by gallant, intrepid actions against the enemy. After advancing 15 miles in a driving snowstorm, the American force prepared to attack through waist-deep drifts. The company executive officer became a casualty, and 1st Sgt. Funk immediately assumed his duties, forming headquarters soldiers into a combat unit for an assault in the face of direct artillery shelling and harassing fire from the right flank. Under his skillful and courageous leadership, this miscellaneous group and the 3rd Platoon attacked 15 houses, cleared them, and took 30 prisoners without suffering a casualty. The fierce drive of Company C quickly overran Holzheim, netting some 80 prisoners, who were placed under a 4-man guard, all that could be spared, while the rest of the understrength unit went about mopping up isolated points of resistance. An enemy patrol, by means of a ruse, succeeded in capturing the guards and freeing the prisoners, and had begun preparations to attack Company C from the rear when 1st Sgt. Funk walked around the building and into their midst. He was ordered to surrender by a German officer who pushed a machine pistol into his stomach. Although overwhelmingly outnumbered and facing almost certain death, 1st Sgt. Funk, pretending to comply with the order, began slowly to unsling his submachine gun from his shoulder and then, with lightning motion, brought the muzzle into line and riddled the German officer. He turned upon the other Germans, firing and shouting to the other Americans to seize the enemy's weapons. In the ensuing fight 21 Germans were killed, many wounded, and the remainder captured. 1st Sgt. Funk's bold action and heroic disregard for his own safety were directly responsible for the recapture of a vastly superior enemy force, which, if allowed to remain free, could have taken the widespread units of Company C by surprise and endangered the entire attack plan. Credited to Wilkinsburg, Pa. Died in McKeesport, Pa. in 1995 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 35-7323-4.

KELLY, CHARLES E. "Commando": Pittsburgh, Corporal, U.S. Army, Company L, 143rd Infantry, 36th Infantry Division. Near Altavilla, Italy, 13 September 1943. Citation given: 18 February 1944. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On 13 September 1943, near Altavilla, Italy, Cpl. Kelly voluntarily joined a patrol which located and neutralized enemy machine-gun positions. After this hazardous duty he volunteered to establish contact with a battalion of U.S. Infantry which was believed to be located on Hill 315, a mile distant. He traveled over a route commanded by enemy observation and under sniper, mortar, and artillery fire; and later he returned with the correct information that the enemy occupied Hill 315 in organized positions. Immediately thereafter Cpl. Kelly, again a volunteer patrol member, assisted materially in the destruction of two enemy machine-gun nests under conditions requiring great skill and courage. Having effectively fired his weapon until all the ammunition was exhausted, he secured permission to obtain more at an ammunition dump. Arriving at the dump, which was located near a storehouse on the extreme flank of his regiment's position, Cpl. Kelly found that the Germans were attacking ferociously at this point. He obtained his ammunition and was given the mission of protecting the rear of the storehouse. He held his position throughout the night. The following morning the enemy attack was resumed. Cpl. Kelly took a position at an open window of the storehouse. One machine gunner had been killed at this position and several other soldiers wounded. Cpl. Kelly delivered continuous aimed and effective fire upon the enemy with his automatic rifle until the weapon locked from overheating. Finding another automatic rifle, he again directed effective fire upon the enemy until this weapon also locked. At this critical point, with the enemy threatening to overrun the position, Cpl. Kelly picked up 60mm. mortar shells, pulled the safety pins, and used the shells as grenades, killing at least five of the enemy. When it became imperative that the house be evacuated, Cpl. Kelly, despite his sergeant's injunctions, volunteered to hold the position until the remainder of the detachment could withdraw. As the detachment moved out, Cpl. Kelly was observed deliberately loading and firing a rocket launcher from the window. He was successful in covering the withdrawal of the unit, and later in joining his own organization. Cpl. Kelly's fighting determination and intrepidity in battle exemplify the highest traditions of the U.S. Armed Forces. The U.S. Army Base at Oakdale is named for Kelly and he is buried in the Highwood Cemetery on Brighton Road in Pittsburgh.

*MATHIES, ARCHIBALD (Air Mission): Pittsburgh, Born in Scotland. Sergeant, U .S. Army Air Corps, 510th Bomber Squadron, 351st Bomber Group. Over Europe, 20 February 1944. Citation given: 22 June 1944. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy in connection with a bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe on 20 February 1944. The aircraft on which Sgt. Mathies was serving as engineer and ball turret gunner was attacked by a squadron of enemy fighters with the result that the copilot was killed outright, the pilot wounded and rendered unconscious, the radio operator wounded and the plane severely damaged. Nevertheless, Sgt. Mathies and other members of the crew managed to right the plane and fly it back to their home station, where they contacted the control tower and reported the situation. Sgt. Mathies and the navigator volunteered to attempt to land the plane. Other members of the crew were ordered to jump, leaving Sgt. Mathies and the navigator aboard. After observing the distressed aircraft from another plane, Sgt. Mathies' commanding officer decided the damaged plane could not be landed by the inexperienced crew and ordered them to abandon it and parachute to safety. Demonstrating unsurpassed courage and heroism, Sgt. Mathies and the navigator replied that the pilot was still alive but could not be moved and they would not desert him. They were then told to attempt a landing. After two unsuccessful efforts, the plane crashed into an open field in a third attempt to land. Sgt. Mathies, the navigator, and the wounded pilot were killed. Buried in Finleyville Cemetery, Finleyville, Pa.

*MINICK, JOHN W.: Wall, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company I, 121st Infantry, 8th Infantry Division. Near Hurtgen, Germany, 21 November 1944. Citation given: Date Unknown: He displayed conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his own life, above and beyond the call of duty, in action involving actual conflict with the enemy on 21 November 1944, near Hurtgen, Germany. S/Sgt. Minick's battalion was halted in its advance by extensive minefields, exposing troops to heavy concentrations of enemy artillery and mortar fire. Further delay in the advance would result in numerous casualties and a movement through the minefield was essential. Voluntarily, S/Sgt. Minick led 4 men through hazardous barbed wire and debris, finally making his way through the minefield for a distance of 300 yards. When an enemy machine-gun opened fire, he signaled his men to take covered positions, edged his way alone toward the flank of the weapon and opened fire, killing two members of the guncrew and capturing three others. Moving forward again, he encountered and engaged single-handedly an entire company killing 20 Germans and capturing 20, and enabling his platoon to capture the remainder of the hostile group. Again moving ahead and spearheading his battalion's advance, he again encountered machine-gun fire. Crawling forward toward the weapon, he reached a point from which he knocked the weapon out of action. Still another minefield had to be crossed. Undeterred, S/Sgt. Minick advanced forward alone through constant enemy fire and while thus moving, detonated a mine and was instantly killed. Buried in Westminster Cemtery, Carlisle, Pa.

*PINDER, JOHN J., JR.: McKees Rocks, (Also shows home as Burgettstown, Washington County) Technician Fifth Grade, U.S. Army, 16th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Near Colleville-sur-Mer, France, 6 June 1944. Citation given: 4 January 1945. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty on 6 June 1944, near Colleville-sur-Mer, France. On D-Day, Technician 5th Grade Pinder landed on the coast 100 yards off shore under devastating enemy machine-gun and artillery fire which caused severe casualties among the boatload. Carrying a vitally important radio, he struggled towards shore in waist-deep water. Only a few yards from his craft he was hit by enemy fire and was gravely wounded. Technician 5th Grade Pinder never stopped. He made shore and delivered the radio. Refusing to take cover afforded, or to accept medical attention for his wounds, Technician 5th Grade Pinder, though terribly weakened by loss of blood and in fierce pain, on three occasions went into the fire-swept surf to salvage communication equipment. He recovered many vital parts and equipment, including another workable radio. On the 3rd trip he was again hit, suffering machine-gun bullet wounds in the legs. Still this valiant soldier would not stop for rest or medical attention. Remaining exposed to heavy enemy fire, growing steadily weaker, he aided in establishing the vital radio communication on the beach. While so engaged this dauntless soldier was hit for the third time and killed. The indomitable courage and personal bravery of Technician 5th Grade Pinder was a magnificent inspiration to the men with whom he served. (A monument to Pinder was built in McKees Rocks in 1996). Buried in Grandview Cemetery in Florence, Hanover Twp. Pa. (Thanks to Edward Snarey, Washington County) (May 20, 2000) The following is courtesy of Richard Lippman, the Webmaster for the town of Zirndorf, Germany. "We have a former 'Pinder Barracks' here in Zirndorf, Germany, and it is named after your Medal Of Honor winner, T5 John J. Pinder Jr. The barracks have recently been transformed into a commercial area in Zirndorf called Pinder-Park." Richard also includes his url, and you will find more information about John Pinder by looking at http://www.zirndorf.de/english/

*WILL, WALTER J.: Born in Pittsburgh, Pa. Entered service at West Winfield, New York.First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company K 18th Infantry, 1st Infantry Division. Near Eisern, Germany, 30 March 1945. Citation given: 17 October 1945. Will displayed conspicuous gallantry during an attack on powerful enemy positions. He courageously exposed himself to withering hostile fire to rescue two wounded men and then, although painfully wounded himself, made a third trip to carry another soldier to safety from an open area. Ignoring the profuse bleeding of his wound, he gallantly led men of his platoon forward until they were pinned down by murderous flanking fire from two enemy machine-guns. He fearlessly crawled alone to within 30 feet of the first enemy position, killed the crew of four and silenced the gun with accurate grenade fire. He continued to crawl through intense enemy fire to within 20 feet of the second position where he leaped to his feet, made a lone, ferocious charge and captured the gun and its nine-man crew. Observing another platoon pinned down by two more German machine-guns, he led a squad on a flanking approach and, rising to his knees in the face of direct fire, coolly and deliberately lobbed three grenades at the Germans, silencing 1 gun and killing its crew. With tenacious aggressiveness, he ran toward the other gun and knocked it out with grenade fire. He then returned to his platoon and led it in a fierce, inspired charge, forcing the enemy to fall back in confusion. 1st Lt. Will was mortally wounded in this last action, but his heroic leadership, indomitable courage, and unflinching devotion to duty live on as a perpetual inspiration to all those who witnessed his deeds. Medal credited to West Winfield, New York. Buried in A.B.M.C. Netherlands Cemetery, Margraten, Holland.

*DESIDERIO, REGINALD BENJAMIN: Born in Clairton, Pa. Captain, U.S. Army, commanding officer, Company E, 27th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division. Near Ipsok, Korea, 27 November 1950. Citation given: 2 August 1951. Capt. Desiderio distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the repeated risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. His company was given the mission of defending the command post of a task force against an enemy breakthrough. After personal reconnaissance during darkness and under intense enemy fire, he placed his men in defensive positions to repel an attack. Early in the action he was wounded, but refused evacuation and despite enemy fire continued to move among his men checking their positions and making sure that each element was prepared to receive the next attack. Again wounded, he continued to direct his men. By his inspiring leadership he encouraged them to hold their position. In the subsequent fighting when the fanatical enemy succeeded in penetrating the position, he personally charged them with carbine, rifle, and grenades, inflicting many casualties until he himself was mortally wounded. His men, spurred on by his intrepid example, repelled this final attack. Capt. Desiderio's heroic leadership, courageous and loyal devotion to duty, and his complete disregard for personal safety reflect the highest honor on him and are in keeping with the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army. Medal credited to Gilroy, California. In 1999, the Pennsylvania Legislature designated an interchange on the Mon-Fayette Expressway in Allegheny County as the "Captain Reginald Desiderio Interchange."

*KELLY, JOHN DORAN: Homestead, born in Youngstown, Ohio. PFC, U.S. Marine Corps, Company C, 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Reinforcements). Korea, 28 May 1952. Citation: Kelly exhibited conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a radio operator of Company C, in action against enemy aggressor forces. With his platoon pinned down by a numerically superior enemy force employing intense mortar, artillery, small-arms and grenade fire, Pfc. Kelly requested permission to leave his radio in the care of another man and to participate in an assault on enemy key positions. Fearlessly charging forward in the face of a murderous hail of machinegun fire and hand grenades, he initiated a daring attack against a hostile strongpoint and personally neutralized the position, killing two of the enemy. Unyielding in the fact of heavy odds, he continued forward and single-handedly assaulted a machinegun bunker. Although painfully wounded, he bravely charged the bunker and destroyed it, killing three of the enemy. Courageously continuing his one-man assault, he again stormed forward in a valiant attempt to wipe out a third bunker and boldly delivered pointblank fire into the aperture of the hostile emplacement. Mortally wounded by enemy fire while carrying out this heroic action, Pfc. Kelly, by his great personal valor and aggressive fighting spirit, inspired his comrades to sweep on, overrun and secure the objective. His extraordinary heroism in the face of almost certain death reflects the highest credit upon himself and enhances the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country. (A memorial to Kelly was recently dedicated in Homestead and he was the only resident of the Steel Valley to receive the Medal of Honor.) Credited to Homestead, Pa. Buried in Jefferson Memorial Park, Pittsburgh, Pa.

*PORTER, DONN F.: Born March 1, 1931 in Sewickley, Pa. Entered service at Baltimore, MD. Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company G, 14th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division. Near Mundung-ni, Korea, 7 September 1952. Citation given: 18 August 1953. Sgt. Porter, a member of Company G, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. Advancing under cover of intense mortar and artillery fire, two hostile platoons attacked a combat outpost commanded by Sgt. Porter, destroyed communications, and killed two of his three-man crew. Gallantly maintaining his position, he poured deadly accurate fire into the ranks of the enemy, killing 15 and dispersing the remainder. After falling back under a hail of fire, the determined foe reorganized and stormed forward in an attempt to overrun the outpost. Without hesitation, Sgt. Porter jumped from his position with bayonet fixed and, meeting the onslaught and in close combat, killed six hostile soldiers and routed the attack. While returning to the outpost, he was killed by an artillery burst, but his courageous actions forced the enemy to break off the engagement and thwarted a surprise attack on the main line of resistance. Sgt. Porter's incredible display of valor, gallant self-sacrifice, and consummate devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon himself and uphold the noble traditions of the military service. Medal credited to Baltimore, Maryland. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 33-4357.

*ESTOCIN, MICHAEL J.: Born April 27, 1931 in Turtle Creek, Pa. Captain (then Lt. Cmdr.), U.S. Navy, Attack Squadron 192, USS Ticonderoga (CVA-14). Haiphong, North Vietnam, 20 and 26 April 1967. Citation given: Date Unknown: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty on 20 and 26 April 1967 as a pilot in Attack Squadron 192, embarked in USS Ticonderoga (CVA-14). Leading a 3-plane group of aircraft in support of a coordinated strike against two thermal power plants in Haiphong, North Vietnam, on 20 April 1967, Capt. Estocin provided continuous warnings to the strike group leaders of the surface-to-air missile (SAM) threats, and personally neutralized three SAM sites. Although his aircraft was severely damaged by an exploding missile, he reentered the target area and relentlessly prosecuted a SHRIKE attack in the face of intense antiaircraft fire. With less than five minutes of fuel remaining he departed the target area and commenced in-flight refueling which continued for over 100 miles. Three miles aft of Ticonderoga, and without enough fuel for a second approach, he disengaged from the tanker and executed a precise approach to a fiery arrested landing. On 26 April 1967, in support of a coordinated strike against the vital fuel facilities in Haiphong, he led an attack on a threatening SAM site, during which his aircraft was seriously damaged by an exploding SAM; nevertheless, he regained control of his burning aircraft and courageously launched his SHRIKE missiles before departing the area. By his inspiring courage and unswerving devotion to duty in the face of grave personal danger, Captain Estocin upheld the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service. Medal credited to Akron, Ohio.

*GRAHAM, JAMES ALBERT: Born August 25, 1940, in Wilkinsburg, Allegheny County, Pa. Entered service at Prince Georges, MD. Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, Company F, 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division. Republic of Vietnam, 2 June 1967. Citation given: Date Unknown. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. During "Operation Union 11," the 1st Battalion, 5th Marines, consisting of Companies A and D, with Capt. Graham's company attached launched an attack against an enemy occupied position with two companies assaulting and one in reserve. Company F, a leading company, was proceeding across a clear paddy area 1,000 meters wide, attacking toward the assigned objective, when it came under fire from mortars and small arms which immediately inflicted a large number of casualties. Hardest hit by the enemy fire was the 2nd platoon of Company F, which was pinned down in the open paddy area by intense fire from two concealed machine-guns. Forming an assault unit from members of his small company headquarters, Capt. Graham boldly led a fierce assault through the second platoon's position, forcing the enemy to abandon the first machine-gun position, thereby relieving some of the pressure on his second platoon, and enabling evacuation of the wounded to a more secure area. Resolute to silence the second machine-gun, which continued its devastating fire, Capt. Graham's small force stood steadfast in its hard won enclave. Subsequently, during the afternoon's fierce fighting, he suffered two minor wounds while personally accounting for an estimated 15 enemy killed. With the enemy position remaining invincible upon each attempt to withdraw to friendly lines, and although knowing that he had no chance of survival, he chose to remain with one man who could not be moved due to the seriousness of his wounds. The last radio transmission from Capt. Graham reported that he was being assaulted by a force of 25 enemy soldiers; he died while protecting himself and the wounded man he chose not to abandon. Capt. Graham's actions throughout the day were a series of heroic achievements. His outstanding courage, superb leadership and indomitable fighting spirit undoubtedly saved the second platoon from annihilation and reflected great credit upon himself, the Marine Corps, and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country. Medal credited to Prince Georges, Maryland. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 13-8576-F.

*MORGAN, WILLIAM DAVID.: Born Sept, 17, 1949 in Pittsburgh, Pa. Entered service at Pittsburgh, Pa. Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps. Company H, 2nd Battalion, 9th Marines, 3rd Marine Division. Quang Tri Province, Republic of Vietnam, 25 February 1969. Citation given: Date Unknown. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a squad leader with Company H, in operations against the enemy. While participating in "Operation DEWEY CANYON" southeast of Vandergrift Combat Base, one of the squads of Cpl. Morgan's platoon was temporarily pinned down and sustained several casualties while attacking a North Vietnamese Army force occupying a heavily fortified bunker complex. Observing that two of the wounded marines had fallen in a position dangerously exposed to the enemy fire and that all attempts to evacuate them were halted by a heavy volume of automatic weapons fire and rocket-propelled grenades. Cpl. Morgan unhesitatingly maneuvered through the dense jungle undergrowth to a road that passed in front of a hostile emplacement which was the principal source of enemy fire. Fully aware of the possible consequences of his valiant action, but thinking only of the welfare of his injured companions, Cpl. Morgan shouted words of encouragement to them as he initiated an aggressive assault against the hostile bunker. While charging across the open road, he was clearly visible to the hostile soldiers who turned their fire in his direction and mortally wounded him, but his diversionary tactic enabled the remainder of his squad to retrieve their casualties and overrun the North Vietnamese Army position. His heroic and determined actions saved the lives of two fellow marines and were instrumental in the subsequent defeat of the enemy. Cpl. Morgan's indomitable courage, inspiring initiative and selfless devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and of the U.S. Naval Services. He gallantly gave his life for his country. Credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Mount Lebanon Cemetery, Mt. Lebanon, Pa.

NOVOSEL, MICHAEL JOSEPH: Born Sept. 3, 1922 in Etna, Pa. Chief Warrant Officer, U.S. Army, 82nd Medical Detachment, 45th Medical Company, 68th Medical Group. Kien Tuong Province, Republic of Vietnam, 2 October 1969. Citation given: Date Unknown: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. CWO Novosel, 82nd Medical Detachment, distinguished himself while serving as commander of a medical evacuation helicopter. He unhesitatingly maneuvered his helicopter into a heavily fortified and defended enemy training area where a group of wounded Vietnamese soldiers were pinned down by a large enemy force. Flying without gunship or other cover and exposed to intense machine-gun fire, CWO Novosel was able to locate and rescue a wounded soldier. Since all communications with the beleaguered troops had been lost, he repeatedly circled the battle area, flying at low level under continuous heavy fire, to attract the attention of the scattered friendly troops. This display of courage visibly raised their morale, as they recognized this as a signal to assemble for evacuation. On six occasions he and his crew were forced out of the battle area by the intense enemy fire, only to circle and return from another direction to land and extract additional troops. Near the end of the mission, a wounded soldier was spotted close to an enemy bunker. Fully realizing that he would attract a hail of enemy fire, CWO Novosel nevertheless attempted the extraction by hovering the helicopter backward. As the man was pulled on aboard, enemy automatic weapons opened fire at close range, damaged the aircraft and wounded CWO Novosel. He momentarily lost control of the aircraft, but quickly recovered and departed under the withering enemy fire. In all, 15 extremely hazardous extractions were performed in order to remove wounded personnel. As a direct result of his selfless conduct, the lives of 29 soldiers were saved. The extraordinary heroism displayed by CWO Novosel was an inspiration to his comrades in arms and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army. Medal credited to Kenner, Louisiana. Currently lives in Alabama.

*PROM, WILLIAM RAYMOND: Born Nov. 17, 1948 in Pittsburgh, Pa. Entered service in Pittsburgh, Pa. Resident of Shaler Township, Allegheny County, Pa. (A Shaler School Park was named for Prom in 1996.) Lance Corporal, U.S. Marine Corps, Company 1, 3rd Battalion, 3rd Marines, 3rd Marine Division (Rein), FMF. Near An Hoa, Republic of Vietnam. 9 February 1969. Citation given: Date Unknown. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a machine-gun squad leader with Company One, in action against the enemy. While returning from a reconnaissance operation during Operation TAYLOR COMMON, two platoons of Company One came under an intense automatic weapons fire and grenade attack from a well concealed North Vietnamese Army force in fortified positions. The leading element of the platoon was isolated and several marines were wounded. L/Cpl. Prom immediately assumed control of one of his machine-guns and began to deliver return fire. Disregarding his safety he advanced to a position from which he could more effectively deliver covering fire while first aid was administered to the wounded men. Realizing that the enemy would have to be destroyed before the injured marines could be evacuated, L/Cpl. Prom again moved forward and delivered a heavy volume of fire with such accuracy that he was instrumental in routing the enemy, thus permitting his men to regroup and resume their march. Shortly thereafter, the platoon again came under heavy fire in which one man was critically wounded. Reacting instantly, L/Cpl. Prom moved forward to protect his injured comrade. Unable to continue his fire because of his severe wounds, he continued to advance to within a few yards to the enemy positions. There, standing in full view of the enemy, he accurately directed the fire of his support elements until he was mortally wounded. Inspired by his heroic actions, the marines launched an assault that destroyed the enemy. L/Cpl. Prom's indomitable courage, inspiring initiative and selfless devotion to duty upheld the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country. Credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Buried in Allegheny Memorial Park Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa.

ARMSTRONG COUNTY

BUZZARD, ULYSSES G.: Born in Armstrong County, Pa. Corporal, Company C, 17th U.S. Infantry. El Caney, Cuba, 1 July 1898. Citation given: 24 June 1899. Gallantly assisted in the rescue of the wounded from in front of the lines and under heavy fire from the enemy. Credited to Pittsburgh, Pa.Buried in San Nicolas Cemetery, Cebu City, PI.

HARVEY, RAYMOND: Born in Ford City, Pa. Captain, U.S. Army, Company C, 17th Infantry Regiment. Vicinity of Taemi-Dong, Korea, 9 March 1951. Citation given: 2 August 1951. Capt. Harvey Company C, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. When his company was pinned down by a barrage of automatic weapons fire from numerous well-entrenched emplacements, imperiling accomplishment of its mission, Capt. Harvey braved a hail of fire and exploding grenades to advance to the first enemy machine-gun nest, killing its crew with grenades. Rushing to the edge of the next emplacement, he killed its crew with carbine fire. He then moved the 1st Platoon forward until it was again halted by a curtain of automatic fire from well-fortified hostile positions. Disregarding the hail of fire, he personally charged and neutralized a third emplacement. Miraculously escaping death from intense crossfire, Capt. Harvey continued to lead the assault. Spotting an enemy pillbox well camouflaged by logs, he moved close enough to sweep the emplacement with carbine fire and throw grenades through the openings, annihilating its five occupants. Though wounded he then turned to order the company forward, and, suffering agonizing pain, he continued to direct the reduction of the remaining hostile positions, refusing evacuation until assured that the mission would be accomplished. Capt. Harvey's valorous and intrepid actions served as an inspiration to his company, reflecting the utmost glory upon himself and upholding the heroic traditions of the military service. Medal credited to Pasadena, California.

BEAVER COUNTY

QUAY, MATTHEW STANLEY: Colonel, 134th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and Date: At Fredericksburg, Va., 13 December 1862. Entered Service At: Beaver County, Pa. Born: September 30, 1833, in Dillsburg, Pa. Date Of Issue: 9 July 1888. Citation: Although out of service, he voluntarily resumed duty on the eve of battle and took a conspicuous part in the charge on the heights. Buried in Beaver Cemetery in Beaver, Pa. Credited to Harrisburg.

CHAMBERS, JOSEPH B.: Born in Beaver County, Pa. Entered service at East Brook, Pa. Private, Company F, 100th Pennsylvania Infantry. Petersburg, Va., 25 March 1865. Citation given: 27 July 1871, for capture of colors of 1st Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.) Credited to East Brook, Pa. Buried in Oak Park Cemetery, New Castle, Pa.

DUNCAN, JAMES K. L.: Born 1845 in Frankfort, Pa. Accredited To: Pennsylvania. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864. Ordinary Seaman, U.S. Navy. Aboard USS Fort Hindman, two March 1864. Citation given: 16 April 1864. Served on board the U.S.S. Fort Hindman during the engagement near Harrisonburg, La., 2 March 1864. Following a shellburst at one of the guns which started a fire at the cartridge tie, Duncan immediately seized the burning cartridge, took it from the gun and threw it overboard, despite the immediate danger to himself. Carrying out his duties through the entire engagement, Duncan served courageously during this action in which the Fort Hindman was raked severely with shot and shell from the enemy guns. Buried in Wood National Cemetery, Wood, Wisconsin.

ELLIOTT, ALEXANDER: Born in Beaver County, Pa. Entered service at North Sewickley, Pa. Sergeant, Company A, 1st Pennsylvania Cavalry. Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865. Citation given: 3 May 1865. Capture of flag. Credited to North Sewickley, Pa. Buried in Highwood Cemetery, Pittsburgh, Pa.

PEIRSOL, JAMES KASTOR: Born in Beaver County, Pa. Sergeant, Company F, 13th Ohio Cavalry. Paines Crossroads, Va., 5 April 1865. Citation given: 3 May 1865. Capture of flag. Credited to Waynsboro, Ohio. Buried in Grove Cemetery, New Brighton, Pa. Credited to Waynesboro, Ohio.

REISINGER, JAMES MONROE: Born in Beaver County, Pa. Entered service at Meadville, Pa. Corporal, Company H, 150th Pennsylvania Infantry at Gettysburg, Pa., 1 July 1863. Citation given: Date Unknown. Specially brave and meritorious conduct in the face of the enemy. Awarded under Act of Congress, January 25, 1907. Credited to Meadville, Pa. Buried in Greenville (Greendale?) Cemetery, Meadville, Pa.

TWEEDALE, JOHN: Born June 10, 1841 in Frankfort, Pa. Entered service at Philadelphia. Pa. Private, Company B, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Stone River, Tenn., 31 December 1862 to 1 January 1863. Citation given: 18 November 1887. Gallantry in action. Credited to Philadelphia, Pa. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 1-470-WS.

THOMPSON, JOSEPH HENRY: Beaver Falls, born Sept. 26, 1871 in Kilkeel, County Down, Ireland. Major, U.S. Army, 110th Infantry, 28th Division. Near Apremont, France, 1 October 1918. Citation given: 1925. Counterattacked by two regiments of the enemy, Maj. Thompson encouraged his battalion in the front line of constantly braving the hazardous fire of machine-guns and artillery. His courage was mainly responsible for the heavy repulse of the enemy. Later in the action, when the advance of his assaulting companies was held up by fire from a hostile machine-gun nest and all but one of the six assaulting tanks were disabled, Maj. Thompson, with great gallantry and coolness, rushed forward on foot three separate times in advance of the assaulting line, under heavy machine-gun and antitank-gun fire, and led the one remaining tank to within a few yards of the enemy machine-gun nest, which succeeded in reducing it, thereby making it possible for the infantry to advance. Buried in Beaver Falls and Memorial Park Cemetery, Beaver Falls, Pa.

*HARR, HARRY R.: Born in Pinecroft, Pa. Entered service in East Freedom, Pa. Corporal, U.S. Army, Company D, 124th Infantry, 31st Infantry Division. Near Maglamin, Mindanao, Philippine Islands, 5 June 1945. Citation given: 28 March 1946. He displayed conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity. In a fierce counterattack, the Japanese closed in on his machine-gun emplacement, hurling hand grenades, one of which exploded under the gun, putting it out of action and wounding two of the crew. While the remaining gunners were desperately attempting to repair their weapon another grenade landed squarely in the emplacement. Quickly realizing he could not safely throw the unexploded missile from the crowded position, Cpl. Harr unhesitatingly covered it with his body to smother the blast. His supremely courageous act, which cost him his life, saved four of his comrades and enabled them to continue their mission. Buried in Alto-Reste Park Cemetery, Altoona, Pa. Credited to East Freedom, Pa.

BEDFORD COUNTY

ARNOLD, ABRAHAM KERNS: Born March 24, 1837, Bedford, Pa. Entered service at Bedford, Pa. Captain, 5th U.S. Cavalry. Davenport Bridge, Va., 10 May 1864. Citation given: September 1893 for a gallant charge against a superior force of the enemy, extricating his command from a perilous position in which it had been ordered. Buried in St. Phillips in the Highlands Cemetery in Garrison, New York.

ROUSH, JAMES LEVI: Born in Bedford County, Pa. Corporal, Company D, 6th Pennsylvania Reserves. Gettysburg, Pa., 2 July 1863. Citation given: 3 August 1897. Was one of six volunteers who charged upon a log house near the Devil’s Den, where a squad of the enemy’s sharpshooters were sheltered, and compelled their surrender. Credited to Chambersburg, Pa. Buried in St. Patrick's Cemetery, Newry, Pa.

SLOAN, ANDREW JACKSON: Born in Bedford County, Pa, Private, Company H, 12th lowa Infantry. Nashville, Tenn., 16 December 1864. Citation given: 24 February 1865. Citation: Captured flag of 1st Louisiana Battery (C.S.A.). Credited to Colesburg, IA. Buried in Platt Cemetery, Colesburg, Iowa.

FEASTER, MOSHEIM: Born in Schellsburg, Pa. Private, Company E, 7th U.S. Cavalry. Wounded Knee Creek, S. Dak., 29 December 1890. Citation given: 23 June 1891 for extraordinary gallantry. Credited to Cleveland, OH.

*WEICHT, ELLIS R.: Born in Clearville, Pa. Entered service at Bedford, Pa. Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company F, 142nd Infantry, 36th Infantry Division. St. Hippolyte, France, 3 December 1944. Citation: 19 July 1945. For commanding an assault squad in Company F’s attack against the strategically important Alsatian town of St. Hippolyte on 3 December 1944. He aggressively led his men down a winding street, clearing the houses of opposition as he advanced. Upon rounding a bend, the group was suddenly brought under the fire of two machine-guns emplaced in the door and window of a house 100 yards distant. While his squad members took cover, Sgt. Weicht moved rapidly forward to a high rock wall and, fearlessly exposing himself to the enemy action, fired two clips of ammunition from his rifle. His fire proving ineffective, he entered a house opposite the enemy gun position, and, firing from a window, killed the two hostile gunners. Continuing the attack, the advance was again halted when two 20-mm. guns opened fire on the company. An artillery observer ordered friendly troops to evacuate the area and then directed artillery fire upon the gun positions. Sgt. Weicht remained in the shelled area and continued to fire on the hostile weapons. When the barrage lifted and the enemy soldiers attempted to remove their gun, he killed two crewmembers and forced the others to flee. Sgt. Weicht continued to lead his squad forward until he spotted a road block approximate 125 yards away. Moving to the second floor of a nearby house and firing from a window, he killed three and wounded several of the enemy. Instantly becoming a target for heavy and direct fire, he disregarded personal safety to continue his fire, with unusual effectiveness, until he was killed by a direct hit from an antitank gun. Credited to Bedford, Pa. Buried in A.B.M.C. Epinal Cemetery, Epinal, France.

BERKS COUNTY

GRAUL, WILLIAM: Born in Reading, Pa. Entered service at Reading, Pa. Corporal, Company I, 188th Pennsylvania Infantry. Fort Harrison, Va., 29 September 1864. Citation given: 6 April 1865. First to plant the colors of his State on the fortifications. Credited to Reading, Pa. Buried in Charles Evans Cemetery, Reading, Pa.

SANDS, WILLIAM: Born in Reading, Pa. Entered service at Reading, Pa. First Sergeant, Company G, 88th Pennsylvania Infantry. Dabney’s Mills, Va., 6 & 7 February 1865. Citation given: 9 November 1893. Grasped the enemy’s colors in the face of a deadly fire and brought them inside the lines. Credited to Reading, Pa. Buried in Charles Evans Cemetery, Reading, Pa.

SCHEIBNER, MARTIN E.: Born Oct. 13, 1840 in Russia. Entered service in Berks County, Pa. Private, Company G, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry. Mine Run, Va., 27 November 1863. Citation given: 23 June 1896. Voluntarily extinguished the burning fuse of a shell which had been thrown into the lines of the regiment by the enemy. Credited to Philadelphia, Pa. Buried in Charles Evans Cemetery, Reading, Pa.

HENRY, GUY VERNOR: Born in Fort Smith, Indian Territory. Entered service at Reading, Pa. Colonel, 40th Massachusetts Infantry at Cold Harbor, Va., 1 June 1864. Citation issued 5 December 1893. Led the assaults of his brigade upon the enemy’s works, where he had 2 horses shot under him. Credited to Reading, Pa. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 2-990.

BROGAN, JAMES (AKA EDWARD JAMES): Resident of Tower Hill, Pa. born in Ireland, credited to Harrisburg, Pa. Sergeant, Company G, 6th U.S. Cavalry. Place and date: At Simon Valley, Ariz., 14 December 1877. Entered service at: Reading. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 9 January 1880. Citation: Engaged single handed two renegade Indians until his horse was shot under him and then pursued them so long as he was able. Information from the Congressional Medal of Honor Society web page and the United States Army Center of Military History, submitted by Elmer Heffelfinger. Brogan was raised and died in Tower Hill and is buried in the Saint Joseph's Roman Catholic Cemetery in Summit Hill, Pa. One record for this man shows burial in Rock Springs, Wyoming. <

BLAIR COUNTY

HICKMAN, JOHN: Shows as Pennsylvania. Second Class Fireman, U.S. Navy. Born: 1837, Richmond, Va. Accredited To: Virginia. G.O. No.: 17, 10 July 1863. Citation: Served on board the U.S.S. Richmond in the attack on Port Hudson, 14 March 1863. Damaged by a 6-inch solid rifle shot which shattered the starboard safety-valve chamber and also damaged the port safety-valve, the fireroom of the U.S.S. Richmond immediately became filled with steam to place it in an extremely critical condition. Acting courageously in this crisis, Hickman persisted in penetrating the steam-filled room in order to haul the hot fires of the furnaces and continued this action until the gravity of the situation had been lessened. Buried in Calvary Cemetery, Altoona, Pa.

MACLAY, WILLIAM PALMER: Born in Spruce Creek, Pa. Entered service at Altoona, Pa. Private, Company A, 43rd Infantry, U.S. Volunteers. Hilongas, Leyte, Philippine Islands 6 May, 1900. Citation given: 11 March 1902. Citation: Charged an occupied bastion, saving the life of an officer in a hand-to-hand combat and destroying the enemy. Credited to Altoona, Pa. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 7-9008-F.

LAWS, ROBERT EARL: Altoona, Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company G, 169th Infantry, 43rd Infantry Division. Pangasinan Province, Luzon, Philippine Islands, 12 January 1945. Citation given: 10 September 1945. He led the assault squad when Company G attacked enemy hill positions. The enemy force, estimated to be a reinforced infantry company, was well supplied with machine-guns, ammunition, grenades, and blocks of TNT and could be attacked only across a narrow ridge 70 yards long. At the end of this ridge an enemy pillbox and rifle positions were set in rising ground. Covered by his squad, S/Sgt Laws traversed the hogback through vicious enemy fire until close to the pillbox, where he hurled grenades at the fortification. Enemy grenades wounded him, but he persisted in his assault until one of his missiles found its mark and knocked out the pillbox. With more grenades, passed to him by members of his squad who had joined him, he led the attack on the entrenched riflemen. In the advance up the hill, he suffered additional wounds in both arms and legs, about the body and in the head, as grenades and TNT charges exploded near him. Three Japs rushed him with fixed bayonets, and he emptied the magazine of his machine pistol at them, killing two. He closed in hand-to-hand combat with the third, seizing the Jap’s rifle as he met the onslaught. The two fell to the ground and rolled some 50 or 60 feet down a bank. When the dust cleared the Jap lay dead and the valiant American was climbing up the hill with a large gash across the head. He was given first aid and evacuated from the area while his squad completed the destruction of the enemy position. S/Sgt. Laws’ heroic actions provided great inspiration to his comrades, and his courageous determination, in the face of formidable odds and while suffering from multiple wounds, enabled them to secure an important objective with minimum casualties. Buried in Blair Memorial Cemetery in Bellwood, Pa. Credited to Altoona, Pa.

*SITMAN, WILLIAM S.: Bellwood, Sergeant First Class, U.S. Army, Company M, 23rd Infantry Regiment, 2nd Infantry Division. Near Chipyong-ni, Korea, 14 February 1951. Citation given: 1 February 1952. Sfc. Sitman distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against an armed enemy of the United Nations. Sfc. Sitman, a machine-gun section leader of Company M, was attached to Company I, under attack by a numerically superior hostile force. During the encounter when an enemy grenade knocked out his machine-gun, a squad from Company I, immediately emplaced a light machine-gun and Sfc. Sitman and his men remained to provide security for the crew. In the ensuing action, the enemy lobbed a grenade into the position and Sfc. Sitman, fully aware of the odds against him, selflessly threw himself on it, absorbing the full force of the explosion with his body. Although mortally wounded in this fearless display of valor, his intrepid act saved five men from death or serious injury, and enabled them to continue inflicting withering fire on the ruthless foe throughout the attack. Sfc. Sitman’s noble self-sacrifice and consummate devotion to duty reflect lasting glory on himself and uphold the honored traditions of the military service. Buried in Logan Valley Cemetery in Bellwood, Pa. Credited to Bellwood, Pa.

*ENGLISH, GLENN HARRY, JR.: Born April 23, 1940 at Altoona, Pa. Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company E, 3rd Battalion, 173rd Airborne Brigade. Phu My District, Republic of Vietnam, 7 September 1970. Citation given: Date Unknown. S/Sgt. English was riding in the lead armored personnel carrier in a four-vehicle column when an enemy mine exploded in front of his vehicle. As the vehicle swerved from the road, a concealed enemy force waiting in ambush opened fire with automatic weapons and anti-tank grenades, striking the vehicle several times and setting it on fire. S/Sgt. English escaped from the disabled vehicle and, without pausing to extinguish the flames on his clothing, rallied his stunned unit. He then led it in a vigorous assault, in the face of heavy enemy automatic weapons fire, on the entrenched enemy position. This prompt and courageous action routed the enemy and saved his unit from destruction. Following the assault, S/Sgt. English heard the cries of three men still trapped inside the vehicle. Paying no heed to warnings that the ammunition and fuel in the burning personnel carrier might explode at any moment, S/Sgt. English raced to the vehicle and climbed inside to rescue his wounded comrades. As he was lifting one of the men to safety, the vehicle exploded, mortally wounding him and the man he was attempting to save. By his extraordinary devotion to duty, indomitable courage, and utter disregard for his own safety, S/Sgt. English saved his unit from destruction and selflessly sacrificed his life in a brave attempt to save three comrades. S/Sgt. English’s conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the cost of his life were an inspiration to his comrades and are in the highest traditions of the U.S. Army. Buried in Fort Bragg Post Cemetery, Fort Bragg, North Carolina.

BRADFORD COUNTY

BENNETT, ORREN: Born in Bradford County, Pa. Entered service at Towanda, Pa. Private, Company D, 141st Pennsylvania Infantry. Sailors (Saylor's) Creek, Va., 6 April 1865. Citation given: 10 May 1865 for capture of flag. (Additional information 4/23/99 courtesy of Dick McCracken, Director, Bradford County Dept. of Veterans Affairs) Bennett joined the army on Aug. 22, 1862, and was discharged on May 28, 1865. His date of death is unknown but he believed to be buried in the Luther's Mills Cemetery in Bradford County PA.

BISHOP, FRANCIS A.: Born in Bradford County, Pa. Enlisted at Harrisburg, Pa. Private, Company C, 57th Pennsylvania Infantry. Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864. Citation given: 1 December 1864 for capture of flag. (Additional information 4/23/99 courtesy of Dick McCracken, Director, Bradford County Dept. of Veterans Affairs) Francis A. Bishop was born, date unknown, in Bradford County and he entered the service on Sept. 15, 1861 with a brother. He was promoted to Corporal and was wounded at Ferderickburg, VA. He was discharged on June 29, 1865. (Additional information 1/27/00 courtesy of Ken Richmond or Washington State) This Bishop was a resident of Port Angeles, Washington, for 30 years. Prepatory to FDR's March 1937 inauguration, F.A. Bishop was specifically invited as a guest of the President to attend the event. However, there is no indication that he actually was in attendance. The reason Bishop was invited is that he was the 'oldest living recipient of the Medal of Honor,' and very likely the last Civil War MOH recipient remaining. As age took its toll, Bishop 'retired' to the Retsil Veterans Home, Retsil, Washington, where he died Oct. 11, 1937. His body was sent to Blanchard, Michigan, for burial in Blanchard Cemetery. He died with only a niece surviving. This info. was gathered from the Port Angeles Evening News, an anniversary booklet on the Retsil Veterans Home, and records of Pacific Post No. 48, Port Angeles, Dept. of Washington and Alaska, Grand Army of the Republic. Copies of documents can be provided on request. (Ken Richmond is Camp Commander of the Gen. John W. Noble Camp No. 28 Port Angeles, Washington. Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War. Medal credited to Harrisburg, Pa.

ROUGHT, STEPHEN: Born in Bradford County, Pa. Sergeant, Company A, 141st Pennsylvania Infantry. Wilderness, Va., 6 May 1864. Citation given: 1 December 1864. Capture of flag of 13th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.). (Additional information 4/23/99 courtesy of Dick McCracken, Director, Bradford County Dept. of Veterans Affairs) Rought was born on April 3, 1840 in Bradford County and passed away in Wyalusing in Bradford County on March 16, 1919. Rought was married to the former Helen McAllister on April 7, 1865 and he is buried in the Ackley or Spring Hill Cemetery in Tuscarora Township; Helen passed away in 1890. Rought joined the service on August 18, 1862 at Camptown or Tuscarora Township and departed the service at the Western Philadelphia Hospital on May 28, 1865. He was wounded at Chancellorsville, VA on May 3, 1863, and was captured the same day. He also sustained a severe injury at Spotsylvania Courthouse, VA on May 12, 1864 and was in the hospital when discharged. Rought was promoted to Sergeant on Nov. 18, 1862. His deed is described as follows (Source: Our Boys in Blue; Vol I; by C.F. Heverly; 1898; Towanda, PA.; pp. 17-19): "On the morning of the 6th of May, 1864, the 141st Pa. Vols., charged upon the enemy's works at a point occupied by the 13th N.C. troops. While "fixing bayonets" preparatory to the charge, Sergeant Stephen Rought of Co. A, who had been severely wounded at Chancellorsville, and had just returned to his company from the hospital, found he had lost his bayonet from its scabbard, so clubbing his musket, he remarked with a pretty strong expletive, 'I'll have that flag!' Says Captain Hurst: 'A cheer -- a run -- the whiz of bullets in our ears -- through the powder smoke, and through the bramble bushes, we found ourselves over the works, and the 13th North Carolina Veteran Infantry our prisoners before breakfast, and for that matter without supper, and without sleep the previous night. Sergeant Rought, with some others, went straight for the rebel lag, and when over the works the rebel color sergeant refused to surrender and tried to defend it. Rought with his clubbed musket split his head open and felled him prostrate at his feet, at the same time breaking his own musket off at the stock. Before the flag had hardly touched the ground he snatched it out of the dying color sergeant's hands, shouting 'I've go it! I've go it!" What a cheer went up from the victorious 141st as he waved it, and we read on it in golden letters and figures, '13th North Carolina Veteran Volunteers,' and its long list of battles. It was a new flag. The sergeant was ordered to report with it to the brigade commander, and by him to General Birney, commanding the division. Such cheers as went up along the line as he carried it waving to the rear made those old woods ring. While so doing he was again wounded. A congratulatory order was issued the next day by General Birney, very complimentary to the regiment, in which he gave us the honor of taking the first flag captured by the Army of the Potomac under the immediate command of General Grant. This flag was on exhibition at the great Sanitary Commission Fair held in Philadelphia that summer, and Rought, who was in hospital there wounded, was regarded as quite a hero. It is now in the trophy room of the War Department, Washington, with this record attached; "Captured by Sergeant Stephen Rought, Company A, 141st Regt., Pa. Vols., May 6, 1864. Battles of the Wilderness, Va." Sergeant Ethel Fuller, of the same company, took prisoner the captain of the rebel color company. While Sergeant Rought was engaged in the hand to hand struggle with the color sergeant for the flag, another of the enemy drew his gun to shoot Rought, but before he could fire Captain Warner of Co. D, shot him dead with his revolver. The sergeant says: "I took the colors to General Ward; he gave me a word of praise and offered me a drink from his flask, which I declined. He unfurled the flag and added more compliments, and told me to take it to General Birney, who received it with many flattering words for my courage and bravery." The American Legion Post 510, the Rought-Hall Post in Laceyville, PA is named in his honor. A great-grandson, Donald Rought, lives in Vestal. NY. Credited to Crampton, Pa. Buried in Lacey Cemetery, Laceyville, Pa.

BUCKS COUNTY

BETTS, CHARLES MALONE: Lieutenant Colonel, 15th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Greensboro, N.C., 19 April 1865. Citation given: 10 October 1892. With a force of but 75 men, while on a scouting expedition, by a judicious disposition of his men, surprised and captured an entire battalion of the enemy’s cavalry. Buried in West Laurel Cemetery, Bala-Cynwyd, Pa. Credited to Philadelphia.

PURCELL, HIRAM W.: Sergeant, Company G, 104th Pennsylvania Infantry. Fair Oaks, Va., 31 May 1862. Citation given: 12 May 1894. While carrying the regimental colors on the retreat he returned to face the advancing enemy, flag in hand, and saved the other color, which would otherwise have been captured.

SELLERS, ALFRED JACOB: Born March 2, 1836 in Plumsteadville, Bucks County, Pa. Major, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry. Gettysburg, Pa., 1 July 1863. Citation given: 21 July 1894. Voluntarily led the regiment under a withering fire to a position from which the enemy was repulsed. Buried in Mount Vernon Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pa.

THOMAS, HAMPTON SIDNEY.: Born Nov. 3, 1837 in Quakertown, Bucks County, Pa. Major, 1st Pennsylvania Veteran Cavalry. Amelia Springs, Va., 5 April 1865. Citation given: 15 January 1894. Conspicuous gallantry in the capture of a field battery and a number of battle flags and in the destruction of the enemy’s wagon train. Maj. Thomas lost a leg in this action. Credited to Harrisburg, Pa. Buried in Lawnview Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pa.

WILSON, CHARLES E.: Born in Bucks County, Pa. Sergeant, Company A, 1st New Jersey Cavalry. Sailors Creek, Va., 6 April 1865. Citation given: 3 July 1865. Charged the enemy’s works, colors in hand, and had two horses shot from under him. Credited to Hatborough, NJ. Buried in Highland Cemetery, Hopewell Township, New Jersey.

JENNINGS, JAMES T.: Entered service in Bucks County, Pa. Born in England. Private, Company K, 56th Pennsylvania Infantry. Weldon Railroad, Va., 20 August 1864. Citation given: 1 December 1864. Capture of flag of 55th North Carolina Infantry (C.S.A.). Credited to Luzerne, Pa. Buried in Loudon Park National Cemetery, Baltimore, Maryland.

HERRON, LEANDER: Born in Bucks County, credited to Pittsburgh, Pa. Corporal, Company A, 3rd U.S. Infantry. Fort Dodge, Kans., 2 September 1868. Citation given: Date unknown while detailed as mail courier from the fort, voluntarily went to the assistance of a party of four enlisted men, who were attacked by about 50 Indians at some distance from the fort and remained with them until the party was relieved. Buried in Elmwood Cemetery in St. Paul, Nebraska.

FRANCIS, CHARLES ROBERT: Born May 19, 1875 in Doylestown, Pa. Private, U.S. Marine Corps. Tientsin, China, 21 June 1900. Citation given: 19 July 1901. In the presence of the enemy during the battle near Tientsin, China, 21 June 1900, Francis distinguished himself by meritorious conduct. Buried in Hollywood Cemetery, Hollywood, California.

BUTLER COUNTY

DONALDSON, JOHN: Sergeant, Company L, 4th Pennsylvania Cavalry. Appomattox Courthouse, Va., 9 April 1865. Citation given: 3 May 1865. Capture of flag of 4th Virginia Cavalry (C.S.A.) Buried in Mars Hill Cemetery in Floris, Iowa.

KNAPPENBERGER, ALTON W.: Cooperstown, (Also in Venango Co.) Private First Class, U.S. Army, 3rd Infantry Division. Near Cisterna di Littoria, Italy, 1 February 1944. Citation given: 26 May 1944. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action involving actual conflict with the enemy, on 1 February 1944 near Cisterna di Littoria, Italy. When a heavy German counterattack was launched against his battalion, Pfc. Knappenberger crawled to an exposed knoll and went into position with his automatic rifle. An enemy machine-gun 85 yards away opened fire, and bullets struck within six inches of him. Rising to a kneeling position, Pfc. Knappenberger opened fire on the hostile crew, knocked out the gun, killed two members of the crew, and wounded the third. While he fired at this hostile position, two Germans crawled to a point within 20 yards of the knoll and threw potato-masher grenades at him, but Pfc. Knappenberger killed them both with one burst from his automatic rifle. Later, a second machine-gun opened fire upon his exposed position from a distance of 100 yards, and this weapon also was silenced by his well-aimed shots. Shortly thereafter, an enemy 20mm. antiaircraft gun directed fire at him, and again Pfc. Knappenberger returned fire to wound one member of the hostile crew. Under tank and artillery shellfire, with shells bursting within 15 yards of him, he held his precarious position and fired at all enemy infantrymen armed with machine pistols and machine-guns which he could locate. When his ammunition supply became exhausted, he crawled 15 yards forward through steady machine-gun fire, removed rifle clips from the belt of a casualty, returned to his position and resumed firing to repel an assaulting German platoon armed with automatic weapons. Finally, his ammunition supply being completely exhausted, he rejoined his company. Pfc. Knappenberger’s intrepid action disrupted the enemy attack for over two hours. (6/20/2000) Alton Knappenberger is, as of the date shown, living in Schwencksville, PA.

CAMBRIA COUNTY

CAPEHART, CHARLES E.: Born 1823 in Conemaugh Township, Pa. Major, 1st West Virginia Cavalry. Monterey Mountain, Pa., 4 July 1863. Citation given: 7 April 1898. While commanding the regiment, charged down the mountain side at midnight, in a heavy rain, upon the enemy’s fleeing wagon train. Many wagons were captured and destroyed and many prisoners taken. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 3-2033. Credited to Washington, D.C.

CAPEHART, HENRY: Born March 18, 1825 at Johnstown, Pa. Colonel, 1st West Virginia Cavalry. Greenbrier River, W. Va., 22 May 1864. Citation given: 12 February 1895. Saved, under fire, the life of a drowning soldier. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 1-140-A&B. Credited to Bridgeport, Ohio.

FLANAGAN, AUGUSTIN: Credited to Chester Springs, Pa. Sergeant, Company A, 55th Pennsylvania Infantry. Chapins Farm, Va., 29 September 1864. Citation given: 6 April 1865. Gallantry in the charge on the enemy's works: rushing forward with the colors and calling upon the men to follow him; was severely wounded. Buried in Tecumseh Cemetery, Tecumseh, Nebraska.

REED, GEORGE W.: Private, Company E, 11th Pennsylvania Infantry. Weldon Railroad, Va., 21 August 1864. Citation given: 6 September 1864. Capture of flag of 24th North Carolina Volunteers (C.S.A.) Credited to Johnstown, Pa. Buried in Grandview Cemetery, Johnstown, Pa.

EVANS, THOMAS: Born in Wales. Private, Company D, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry. Piedmont, Va., 5 June 1864. Citation given: 26 November 1864. Capture of flag of 45th Virginia (C.S.A.).

SNEDDEN, JAMES: Johnstown, Born in Scotland. Musician, Company E, 54th Pennsylvania Infantry. Piedmont, Va., 5 June 1864. Citation given: 11 September 1897. Left his place in the rear, took the rifle of a disabled soldier, and fought through the remainder of the action. Buried in Odd Fellows Cemetery in Lexington, Mississippi.

*DUTKO, JOHN W.: Born in Dilltown, Pa. Private First Class, U.S. Army, 3rd Infantry Division. Near Ponte Rotto, Italy, 23 May 1944. Citation given: 5 October 1944. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty, on 23 May 1944, near Ponte Rotto, Italy. Pfc. Dutko left the cover of an abandoned enemy trench at the height of an artillery concentration in a single-handed attack upon three machine-guns and an 88mm. mobile gun. Despite the intense fire of these four weapons which were aimed directly at him, Pfc. Dutko ran 100 yards through the impact area, paused momentarily in a shell crater, and then continued his one-man assault. Although machine-gun bullets kicked up the dirt at his heels, and 88mm. shells exploded within 30 yards of him, Pfc. Dutko nevertheless made his way to a point within 30 yards of the first enemy machine-gun and killed both gunners with a hand grenade. Although the second machine-gun wounded him, knocking him to the ground, Pfc. Dutko regained his feet and advanced on the 88mm. gun, firing his Browning automatic rifle from the hip. When he came within ten yards of this weapon he killed its five-man crew with one long burst of fire. Wheeling on the machine-gun which had wounded him, Pfc. Dutko killed the gunner and his assistant. The third German machine-gun fired on Pfc. Dutko from a position 20 yards distant wounding him a second time as he proceeded toward the enemy weapon in a half run. He killed both members of its crew with a single burst from his Browning automatic rifle, continued toward the gun and died, his body falling across the dead German crew. Medal credited to Riverside, New Jersey. Buried in Beverly National Cemetery, Beverly, New Jersey.

SILK, EDWARD A.: Born June 8, 1916 in Johnstown, Pa. Entered service at Johnstown, Pa. First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company E, 398th Infantry, 100th Infantry Division. Near St. Pravel, France, 23 November 1944. Citation given: 1 November 1945. 1st Lt. Edward A. Silk commanded the weapons platoon of Company E, 398th Infantry, on 23 November 1944, when the end battalion was assigned the mission of seizing high ground overlooking Moyenmoutier France, prior to an attack on the city itself. His company jumped off in the lead at dawn and by noon had reached the edge of a woods in the vicinity of St. Pravel where scouts saw an enemy sentry standing guard before a farmhouse in a valley below. One squad, engaged in reconnoitering the area, was immediately pinned down by intense machine-gun and automatic-weapons fire from within the house. Skillfully deploying his light machine-gun section, 1st Lt. Silk answered enemy fire, but when 15 minutes had elapsed with no slackening of resistance, he decided to eliminate the strong point by a one-man attack. Running 100 yards across an open field to the shelter of a low stone wall directly in front of the farmhouse, he fired into the door and windows with his carbine; then, in full view of the enemy, vaulted the wall and dashed 50 yards through a hail of bullets to the left side of the house, where he hurled a grenade through a window, silencing a machine-gun and killing two gunners. In attempting to move to the right side of the house he drew fire from a second machine-gun emplaced in the woodshed. With magnificent courage he rushed this position in the face of direct fire and succeeded in neutralizing the weapon and killing the two gunners by throwing grenades into the structure. His supply of grenades was by now exhausted, but undaunted, he dashed back to the side of the farmhouse and began to throw rocks through a window, demanding the surrender of the remaining enemy. Twelve Germans, overcome by his relentless assault and confused by his unorthodox methods, gave up to the lone American. By his gallant willingness to assume the full burden of the attack and the intrepidity with which he carried out his extremely hazardous mission, 1st Lt. Silk enabled his battalion to continue its advance and seize its objective. Credited to Johnstown, Pa. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 30-1045-C.

TOMINAC, JOHN JOSEPH: Born April 29, 1922 in Conemaugh, Pa. Entered service at Conemaugh, Pa. First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company I, 15th Infantry, 3rd Infantry Division. Saulx de Vesoul, France, 12 September 1944. Citation given: 29 March 1945. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty on 12 September 1944, in an attack on Saulx de Vesoul, France 1st Lt. Tominac charged alone over 50 yards of exposed terrain onto an enemy roadblock to dispatch a three-man crew of German machine gunners with a single burst from his Thompson machine-gun after smashing the enemy outpost, he led one of his squads in the annihilation of a second hostile group defended by mortar, machine-gun automatic pistol, rifle and grenade fire, killing about 30 of the enemy. Reaching the suburbs of the town, he advanced 50 yards ahead of his men to reconnoiter a third enemy position which commanded the road with a 77-mm. SP gun supported by infantry elements. The SP gun opened fire on his supporting tank, setting it afire with a direct hit. A fragment from the same shell painfully wounded 1st Lt. Tominac in the shoulder, knocking him to the ground. As the crew abandoned the M-4 tank, which was rolling down hill toward the enemy, 1st Lt. Tominac picked himself up and jumped onto the hull of the burning vehicle. Despite withering enemy machine-gun, mortar, pistol, and sniper fire, which was ricocheting off the hull and turret of the M-4, 1st Lt. Tominac climbed to the turret and gripped the 50-caliber antiaircraft machine-gun. Plainly silhouetted against the sky, painfully wounded, and with the tank burning beneath his feet, he directed bursts of machine-gun fire on the roadblock, the SP gun, and the supporting German infantrymen, and forced the enemy to withdraw from his prepared position. Jumping off the tank before it exploded, 1st Lt. Tominac refused evacuation despite his painful wound. Calling upon a sergeant to extract the shell fragments from his shoulder with a pocketknife, he continued to direct the assault, led his squad in a hand grenade attack against a fortified position occupied by 32 of the enemy armed with machine-guns, machine pistols, and rifles, and compelled them to surrender. His outstanding heroism and exemplary leadership resulted in the destruction of four successive enemy defensive positions, surrender of a vital sector of the city Saulx de Vesoul, and the death or capture of at least 60 of the enemy. Died July 11, 1998, in Carmel California. Credited to Conemaugh, Pa. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

*PORT, WILLIAM DAVID: Born Oct. 13, 1941 in Petersburg, Pa. Sergeant (then Pfc.), U.S. Army, Company C, 5th Battalion, 7th Cavalry, 1st Air Cavalry Division. Que Son Valley, Heip Duc Province, Republic of Vietnam, 12 January 1968. Citation given: Date Unknown. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sgt. Port distinguished himself while serving as a rifleman with Company C, which was conducting combat operations against an enemy force in the Que Son Valley. As Sgt. Port's platoon was moving to cut off a reported movement of enemy soldiers, the platoon came under heavy fire from an entrenched enemy force. The platoon was forced to withdraw due to the intensity and ferocity of the fire. Although wounded in the hand as the withdrawal began, Sgt. Port, with complete disregard for his safety, ran through the heavy fire to assist a wounded comrade back to the safety of the platoon perimeter. As the enemy forces assaulted in the perimeter, Sgt. Port and three comrades were in position behind an embankment when an enemy grenade landed in their midst. Sgt. Port, realizing the danger to his fellow soldiers, shouted the warning, "Grenade," and unhesitatingly hurled himself towards the grenade to shield his comrades from the explosion. Through his exemplary courage and devotion he saved the lives of his fellow soldiers and gave the members of his platoon the inspiration needed to hold their position. Sgt. Port's selfless concern for his comrades, at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty are in keeping with the highest tradition of the military service and reflect great credit on himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 7-8120-B.

CARBON COUNTY:

CENTRE COUNTY

AMMERMAN, ROBERT WESLEY: Born in Centre County, Pa. Private, Company B, 148th Pennsylvania Infantry. Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864. Citation dated 31 January 1865 for capture of battle flag of 8th North Carolina (C.S.A.), being one of the foremost in the assault. Credited to Milesburg, Pa. Buried in Presbyterian Cemetery, McAlister, Pa.

HARRIS, GEORGE W. Private, Company B, 148th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and Date: At Spotsylvania, Va., 12 May 1864. Entered Service At: Bellefonte, Pa. Birth: Schuylkill, Pa. Date of Issue: 1 December 1864. Citation: Capture of flag, wresting it from the color bearer and shooting an officer who attempted to regain it. Buried in Union Cemetery, Bellefonte, Pa. Credited to Bellefonte.

HOGAN, FRANKLIN: Born in Centre County, Pa. Entered service at Howard, Pa. Corporal, Company A, 45th Pennsylvania Infantry. Front of Petersburg, Va., 30 July 1864. Citation given: 1 October 1864. Capture of flag of 6th Virginia Infantry (C.S.A.) Credited to Howard, Pa. Buried in Eastside Cemetery in Hutchinson, Kansas.

CHESTER COUNTY

LEWIS, DEWITT CLINTON: Born in West Chester, Pa. Captain, Company F, 97th Pennsylvania Infantry. Secessionville, S.C., 16 June 1862. Citation given: 23 April 1896. While retiring with his men before a heavy fire of canister shot at short range, returned in the face of the enemy’s fire and rescued an exhausted private of his company who but for this timely action would have lost his life by drowning in the morass through which the troops were retiring. Buried in Oakland Cemetery in West Chester, Pa.

MARTIN, SYLVESTER HOPKINS: Born in Chester County, Pa. Lieutenant, Company K, 88th Pennsylvania Infantry. Weldon Railroad, Va., 19 August 1864. Citation given: 5 April 1894. Gallantly made a most dangerous reconnaissance, discovering the position of the enemy and enabling the division to repulse an attack made in strong force. Credited to Philadelphia, Pa. Buried in Philadelphia, Pa., location unknown.

SCOTT, JOHN WALLACE: Born 1838 in Chester, Pa. Captain, Company D, 157th Pennsylvania Infantry. Five Forks, Va., 1 April 1865. Citation given: 27 April 1865. Capture of the flag of the 16th South Carolina Infantry, in hand-to-hand combat. Credited to Philadelphia, Pa. Buried in Presbyterian Church Cemetery, Parkesburg, Pa.

TUCKER, JACOB. R.: Born in Chester County, Pa. Entered service at Baltimore, MD. Corporal, Company G, 4th Maryland Infantry. Petersburg, Va., 1 April 1865. Citation given: 22 April 1871. Was one of the three soldiers most conspicuous in the final assault. Credited to Baltimore, MD. Buried in Baltimore Cemetery, Baltimore, Maryland.

VAUGHN, PINKERTON ROSS: Born 1839 in Downingtown, Pa. Died 1866 at Downingtown, Pa., Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Aboard USS Mississippi at Port Hudson, 14 march 1863. Citation given: 10 July 1863. Serving on board the U.S.S. Mississippi during her abandonment and firing in the action with the Port Hudson batteries, 14 March 1863. During the abandonment of the Mississippi which had to be grounded, Sgt. Vaughn rendered invaluable assistance to his commanding officer, remaining with the ship until all the crew had landed and the ship had been fired to prevent its falling into enemy hands. Persistent until the last, and conspicuously cool under the heavy shellfire, Sgt. Vaughn was finally ordered to save himself as he saw fit and was the last man to depart the ship. Pinkerton is buried in the Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Credited to Pennsylvania.

WAINWRIGHT, JOHN: Born July 13, 1839 in in Syracuse, NY. Entered service in Pennsylvania. First Lieutenant, Company F, 97th Pennsylvania Infantry. Fort Fisher, N.C., 15 January 1865. Citation: 24 June 1890. Gallant and meritorious conduct, where, as first lieutenant, he commanded the regiment. Credited to West Chester, Pa. Buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Plot 2-1061

BUTLER, SMEDLEY DARLINGTON Born July 30, 1881 in West Chester, Pa. Died June 21, 1940 in West Chester, Pa., Major, U.S. Marine Corps. Vera Cruz, Mexico, 22 April 1914. Citation given: 4 December 1915. Other Navy awards: Second Medal of Honor, Distinguished Service Medal. For distinguished conduct in battle, engagement of Vera Cruz, 22 April 1914. Maj. Butler was eminent and conspicuous in command of his battalion. He exhibited courage and skill in leading his men through the action of the 22nd and in the final occupation of the city. One of just 20 men to have twice received the Medal of Honor, Butler was commissioned as a 2nd Lt. in the USMC on May 20, 1898 at the age of 16. He saw combat during the Spanish- American War; the Philippines Campaign; the China Relief Expedition; the Nicaragua Campaign of 1912; the Mexican Campaign at Vera Cruz Landing in 1914 were he earned his first Medal of Honor. During the Haitian Campaign in 1915, he was given his second (Medal of Honor. He also served during the Dominican Campaign in 1916 and on Expeditionary duty in Panama, Honduras, Nicaragua, Columbia and China. Butler commanded the Marine Embarkation Center in Brest, France and 5th Marine Brigade during World War I where he earned the Army and Navy Distinguished Service Medals and the Order of the Black Star of France. He was given a leave of absence to serve as Director of Public Safety in Philadelphia, Pa. in 1924-25 and retired in 193. Smedley D. Butler is interred in the Oaklands Cemetery, Westchester, Pennsylvania.Buried in Oakland Cemetery in West Chester, Pa.

CLARION COUNTY

BROWN, JEREMIAH Z.: Born in Clarion County, Pa. Captain, Company K, 148th Pennsylvania Infantry. Petersburg, Va., 27 October 1864. Citation given: 22 June 1896. With 100 selected volunteers, assaulted and captured the works of the enemy, together with a number of officers and men. Credited to Curllsville, Pa. Buried in Squirrel Hill Cemetery, New Bethlehem, Pa.

*LOBAUGH, DONALD RONALD: Born in Freeport, Pa. Entered service at Freeport, Pa. Private, U .S. Army, 127th Infantry, 32nd Infantry Division. Near Afua, New Guinea, 22 July 1944. Citation given: 17 April 1945. For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty near Afua, New Guinea, on 22 July 1944. While Pvt. Lobaugh's company was withdrawing from its position on 21 July, the enemy attacked and cut off approximately one platoon of our troops. The platoon immediately occupied, organized, and defended a position, which it held throughout the night. Early on 22 July, an attempt was made to effect its withdrawal, but during the preparation therefor, the enemy emplaced a machine-gun, protected by the fire of rifles and automatic weapons, which blocked the only route over which the platoon could move. Knowing that it was the key to the enemy position, Pfc. Lobaugh volunteered to attempt to destroy this weapon, even though in order to reach it he would be forced to work his way about 30 yards over ground devoid of cover. When part way across this open space he threw a hand grenade, but exposed himself in the act and was wounded. Heedless of his wound, he boldly rushed the emplacement, firing as he advanced. The enemy concentrated their fire on him, and he was struck repeatedly, but he continued his attack and killed two more before he was himself slain. Pfc. Lobaugh's heroic actions inspired his comrades to press the attack, and to drive the enemy from the position with heavy losses. His fighting determination and intrepidity in battle exemplify the highest traditions of the U.S. Armed Forces. (August 4, 1999) According to the records of the Clarion County Historical Society, the remains of PVT Lobaugh were returned and he was buried in Rimersburg Cemetery on October 10, 1949. Medal credited to Freeport, Pa. Our thanks to Don Mock of Clarion for this information and you can see more about beautiful Clarion County at Clarion County Historical Society

CLEARFIELD COUNTY - None

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